Anise is raised in south west asia and Mediterranean regions is remarkable for its aromatic flavour. It is a Annual herb and needs sunny climate and well drained soil. The scientific name is pimpinella anisum. The aniseeds are mainly used for cooking as a spice, either whole or ground powder. In spite of the resemblances in their name and flavour, Anise and star anise are different spices. Anise is an herb from parsley family which consists of licorice flavoured seeds. where as, Star-anise is a star shaped fruit (member of magnolia family), originated from warm climate areas of china. It also has licorice like flavour.
Because of its delightful flavour and strong spice flavour, It is often used in biryanis, chicken and several other dishes.
Egypt and middle-east used to cultivate this and gradually Europe also came to know its medicinal properties and started using it.
Star anise is sun dried till it turns into Greyish brown color. Then the fruits are powdered and used.
- Anise fruits are famously used for extracting its Essential oils.
- Ancient Greek history says that it also helps in relieving pain, breathing, provoking urine and easing thirst.
- It is used in manufacturing of soaps, creams, perfumes, sachets for its aromatic flavor. On top of that food products which also includes alcohol, liquor, and many items such as Biscuits, Cakes, Candies, Gelatines, some dairy products,The liquorice flavoured aniseeds is used in teas and tisane’s (Herbal teas), black jelly beans, etc.
- Some apply it directly to treat lice, psoriasis and scabies.
- Star anise consists plenty of antioxidants and Vitamin A and vitamin C.
- It helps in diabetes and aging process.
- The oil produced from this contains thymol, anethole and terpineol which are helpful for treating cough and flu like conditions.
- It also helps in reducing Nausea, improving digestion and also to control menstrual cramps.
- Intake of star anise tea after a meal can help to deal with problems like indigestion and constipation, etc.
- It can also treat Insomnia, asthma, increasing sex drive and several other conditions.
- It is Anti-inflammatory and also has Anti-microbial properties.
- A study says that a particular class of phytochemical called phenylpropanoids in it have many more benefits like to prevent fungal growths and Infections and the ability to prevent malaria and phytoestrogen properties.
Safety and Side effects:
- Excess intake is not preferable as the results for it is still unknown.
- It increases estragon level in the body, so it is not recommended to people having hormonal imbalances.
- Ingestion of aniseed oil may lead to vomiting’s, seizures and pulmonary adema.
One Tablespoon of Aniseed (7g) contains approximately
- Calories : 23
- Protein : 1 gram
- Fiber : 1 gram
- Fat: 1 gram
- Carbs : 3 grams
- Iron: 2.34 mg
- Calcium: 52 mg
And traces of copper, manganese, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus
Did you know?
- By mixing one spoon of aniseed and half cup of vodka, home-made anise-extract can be prepared. Place the combination in cool and dark place for 2-3 months.
- Photoanethole and dianethole are similar to estrogen in our body, can be helpful in increasing breast feeding.